Asset Pricing II

Asset Pricing II

Session Chair: Joachim Inkmann, The University of Melbourne
Shane Miller, University of Michigan
François Gourio, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

The Bond, Equity, and Real Estate Term Structures

Spencer Andrews, The University of North Carolina
Andrei GonçalvesThe University of North Carolina

We construct a Stochastic Discount Factor (SDF) that prices bond, equity, and real estate portfolios sorted on cash flow duration. Using this SDF and the dynamics of cash flow yields in these three asset classes, we estimate the bond, equity, and real estate term structures monthly from 1974 to 2019. We find that while (nominally) safe and risky cash flows have risk premia term structures that are upward sloping on average and move together over time, the term structure dynamics are fundamentally different after we remove the safe component of the risky cash flows. Specifically, equity and real estate maturity-matched risk premia, on average, increase over short maturities but decline over long maturities. Moreover, their term structures comove positively with each other but negatively with the bond term structure.

The Risks of Safe Assets

Yang LiuThe University of Hong Kong
Lukas Schmid, University of Southern California
Amir Yaron, University of Pennsylvania

How much safety and liquidity can the US government provide? Should it accommodate demand for these attributes because high convenience yields in Treasuries lower its borrowing cost? We evaluate a novel fiscal risk channel limiting the government's capacity to issue debt through the lens of a general equilibrium asset pricing model with a rich fiscal sector. Expanding safe asset supply lowers safety premia and improves liquidity in financial markets, but creates tax and consumption volatility, raising risk premia, credit spreads, and firms' cost of capital. Our model predicts that this risk channel leads to depressed growth prospects, rising Treasury yields, and elevated consumption risk, for which we find strong empirical evidence. We use our model to quantitatively evaluate current proposals on stimulus and stabilization packages and find that the risk channel is exacerbated in times of fiscal stress. Increasing safe asset supply can thus be risky, and have a significant fiscal cost.

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