Econometrics Seminar - Matteo Luciani (Federal Reserve Board of Governors)

Room 315, Level 3, FBE Building, 111 Barry Street, Carlton

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Title: Measuring the output gap using large datasets

Abstract: We decompose US aggregate output into potential output and the output gap by means of a non-stationary dynamic factor model estimated on a large dataset of macroeconomic indicators, combined with a non-parametric trend-cycle decomposition of the factors. We find that: (1) from the mid-90s to 2008 the US economy operated above its potential; (2) as of 2018:Q4 the labor market was tighter than the goods and services market; and (3) our output gap measure revises modestly in real-time. Due to its purely data driven nature, our measure is a natural complementary tool to the theoretical models used in policy institutions.