Associate Professor Duncan Ironmonger

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Duncan Ironmonger is an Honorary Principal Fellow and Associate Professor in the Department of Economics. In the Queen’s Birthday Honours of 2013, he was made a Member of the Order of Australia. His AM was awarded for significant service to economics as a researcher, author and academic. He has a Master of Commerce from the University of Melbourne, a PhD in Economics from the University of Cambridge and since 2001  has been a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia. His economic and statistical career began more than 60 years ago in the Bureau of Statistics in Canberra. In 1966 he left the Bureau to join Ronald Henderson at the University of Melbourne as Senior Research Fellow in the Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research. Subsequently he was appointed Reader in Applied Economic Research. He became Deputy Director of the Institute in 1972 and ran it for five years after Henderson retired in 1979. For five years from 1986 to 1991 he was Director of the Centre for Applied Research on the Future in the Faculty of Architecture and Planning. From 1991 to 2018 he was Director of the Households Research Unit in the Department of Economics. Since 1986, his major research has been in household economics, specialising on household input-output tables and household satellite national accounts, estimates of Gross Household Product (GHP), and modelling the household economy. In time use statistics his interests cover national time accounts, volunteering time and travel time. In household demography his research relates to household size, household age structure, and projections of numbers of households. In macroeconomics, he has been engaged in econometric modelling and forecasting as Australian representative in World Project LINK for 30 years and in business expectations as economic consultant to Dun & Bradstreet Australia for 20 years. He has been a consultant to many government departments including official statistical agencies in the USA, UK, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, New Zealand and Australia. He has also been a consultant to UNDP (United Nations Development Program),  ESCAP (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific),  ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) and AusAID (Australian Agency for International Development). Duncan Ironmonger’s publications include: Australian Economic Review (Foundation editor) 1967-1975, New Commodities and Consumer Behaviour 1972, National Income and Economic Progress (editor jointly) 1988, Households Work (editor) 1989, ‘Counting outputs, capital inputs and caring labor: estimating Gross Household Product’ Feminist Economics 1996, ‘Household production’ International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences 2001, A System of Time Accounts for Melbourne 2006 and ‘Time Use’ The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics 2008.

Research Interests

  • Household Economics
  • Time Use Statistics
  • Household Demography
  • Macroeconomics

Journal Articles

  1. Bitman, M., Ironmonger, D. 2011 "Valuing Time: A Conference Overview", Social Indicators Research, 101 (2) : pp. 173 - 183 .
  2. Ironmonger, Duncan 2011 "The Interaction Between Household and Market Work in Economic Downturns", Dialogue, 30 (1) : pp. 45 - 52 .
  3. IRONMONGER, D., SOUPOURMAS, F. 2009 "Estimating household production outputs with time use episode data", Electronic International Journal of Time Use Research, 6 (2) : pp. 240 - 267 .
  4. Ironmonger, D., Norman, P. 2008 "Improvements in Transport Infrastructure are Designed to Increase Travel Speed: Comments on 'The Myth of Travel Time Saving'", Transport Reviews, 28 (6) : pp. 694 - 698 .


  1. Ironmonger, D. . 2008 "A System of Time Accounts for Melbourne Second Edition"
  2. Anderson, D. . 2008 "Public Transport Statistics for Melbourne, New Estimates of Passenger Trips, 1998-2001"
  3. Ironmonger, D. . 2008 "The economic value of volunteering in Queensland, Updated report - May 2008"


  1. Hoa, T., Ironmonger, D. 2005 "Equivalence Scales: A Household Production Approach", Advances in Household Economics, Consumer Behaviour and Economic Policy, .
  2. Ironmonger, D., Soupourmas, F. 2003 "Married households and gross household product", Marriage and the economy. Theory and evidence from advanced industrial societies, pp. 293 - 317 .

Conference Publications

  1. Ironmonger, Duncan 2009 "Using Time Use Episode Data to Estimate Household Production Outputs", 31st Conference of the International Association for Time Use Research
  2. Ironmonger, Duncan 2003 "Counting and valuing household outputs: towards the development of personal consumption diaries", "Time use research, comparing time"
  3. Ironmonger, Duncan 2003 "National time accounts: the dynamic modelling of time use using continuous time use surveys", "Time use research, comparing time"
  4. Ironmonger, Duncan 2003 "Progress in the development of the methodology of the national accounts of household production", Integrating the value of household production into national accounts
  5. Ironmonger, Duncan 2003 "The market and the household economy", Consumption and employment
  6. Ironmonger, Duncan 2003 "There are only 24 hours in a day! Solving the problematic of simultaneous time", "Time use research, comparing time"

Working Papers

  • Duncan Ironmonger "The Economic Value of Volunteering in South Australia" (2011)
  • Duncan Ironmonger "The Economic Value of Volunteering in Western Australia " (2009)
  • Duncan Ironmonger, Jennings, Lloyd-smith "Global projections of household numbers using age determined ratios" (2004)