Macroeconomics Seminar - Andrew Bernard (Dartmouth College)

Room 315, Level 3, FBE Building, 111 Barry Street, Carlton

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Yusuf Mercan

yusuf.mercan@unimelb.edu.au

T: +61 3 8344 0470

Title: The Origins of Firm Heterogeneity: A Production Network Approach

Abstract: This paper explores firm size heterogeneity in an interconnected production network. Using all buyer-supplier relationships in Belgium, the paper shows that firms with more customers have higher sales but lower sales per customer and market shares among those customers. A decomposition of firm sales reveals that downstream factors, especially the number of customers, explain the large majority of firm size heterogeneity. These facts motivate a model of heterogeneous firms and network formation where firms search for, and sell to, downstream buyers and buy inputs from upstream suppliers. Firms vary in their productivity and relationship capability. Higher productivity results in greater market shares among customers and more matches. Higher relationship capability results in more customers and greater sales. Estimates of model parameters show that relationship capability and productivity are strongly negatively correlated. The results suggest that models with a single dimension of firm heterogeneity, such as quality or productivity, cannot match key features of the production network.