Experimental & Behavioural Economics Seminar - A/Prof Xiaojian Zhao (Monash University)
Room 315, Level 3, FBE Building, 111 Barry Street, CarltonMap
Title: Motivated False Memory
Abstract: People often forget and sometimes fantasize. This paper reports a large-scale experiment on memory errors and their relation to preferential traits including time preference, attitudes toward risk and ambiguity, and psychological traits such as anticipatory feelings. We observe systematic incidences of false memory in favor of positive events and positive amnesia in forgetting past negative events. Both positive delusion and positive confabulation signiﬁcantly relate to present bias, but this is not the case for positive amnesia. In an intra-person, multiple-self model, we demonstrate that positive false memory, rather than selective amnesia, serves to enhance conﬁdence in one’s future self in equilibrium, thereby accounting for our empirical ﬁndings.